Counterclockwise: Jelly Bean was the final Android model to achieve 50% market share
Do you know that the primary Android OS model code identify was Petit 4? It means small bite-sized appetizer and served as inspiration for the desert-based names of future variations. That was model 1.1.
The primary publicly obtainable model was Android 1.5 Cupcake, launching with the T-Cell G1. Then in mid-2010 Eclair (variations 2.Zero to 2.1) took over as the preferred model, about half a 12 months after its introduction. 2.2 Froyo rose to the highest on the finish of 2010, once more about six months after launch. Google was on a two releases per 12 months schedule again then, introducing two main Android variations annually.
Then got here 2.three Gingerbread. This proved to be the Home windows XP of Android variations, it lived on for years and years, refusing to die (and forcing devs to help a really outdated API). Gingerbread took the lead in the beginning of 2012 and stored it till August 2013.
In the meantime Google took a detour named Honeycomb. The three.x department of Android was meant to be tablet-only and featured a model new UI to match. It introduced extra compatibility points than UI advantages, nonetheless, and this department is now largely forgotten.
The Honeycomb UI did encourage Holo, the key feel and appear redesign for Android four.Zero Ice Cream Sandwich. Tablets have been migrated over to ICS, however even with that this model by no means surpassed Gingerbread.
Afterwards, Google slowed down to at least one named launch per 12 months. The primary such was Jelly Bean which spanned variations four.1 to four.three. JB did surpass Gingerbread, however the crusty 2.three model had as a lot as eight% share in the beginning of 2015.
Subsequent up was Googles first model collaboration KitKat. This model was reportedly going to be named Key Lime Pie, however a final minute take care of Nestle modified that. KitKat by no means cracked 50% market share, nothing since Jelly Bean ever achieved that milestone.
This result in some fragmentation, regardless of Googles efforts to stage the enjoying area by transferring core performance to Google Play Providers. The corporate is taking extra drastic measures beginning this August, new apps might be required to focus on Oreo. This is able to flip many Android options necessary for apps, which ought to vastly modernize the expertise.
Anyway, 5.Zero Lollipop would include main modifications. It retired Holo and launched Materials design. Dalvik was retired too, in favor of the Android Runtime (ART). Then got here 5.1 Lollipop (which launched help for a number of SIMs in 2015) and 6.Zero Marshmallow.
This brings us to 7.Zero-7.1 Nougat, the which took the highest spot away from Marshmallow simply this January. As you may see from the chart, since Jelly Bean every new Android model peaked decrease.
Google has a brand new plan to struggle fragmentation (past forcing apps to improve). It launched Challenge Treble, which can summary away the and low-level drives in order that the upper ranges of the OS may very well be up to date extra simply.
This was launched with eight.Zero Oreo, Googles second model collaboration. The brand new spherical of flagships coming to the MWC ought to assist increase Oreos market share, which at the moment hovers round 1%.
You may take a look at Bidouille.org for extra detailed charts on the historical past of Android variations.